Compare the job duties, education, job growth, and pay of electrical and electronics installers and repairers with similar occupations. Modern manufacturing plants and transportation systems use a large amount of electrical and electronics equipment, from assembly line motors to sonar systems. Electrical and electronics installers and repairers fix and maintain these complex pieces of equipment. Because automated electronic control systems are becoming more complex, repairers use software programs and testing equipment to diagnose malfunctions. Among their diagnostic tools are multimeters—which measure voltage, current, and resistance—and advanced multimeters, which measure the capacitance, inductance, and current gain of transistors.
Repairers also use signal generators, which provide test signals, and oscilloscopes, which display signals graphically. In addition, repairers often use hand tools such as pliers, screwdrivers, and wrenches to replace faulty parts and adjust equipment. Commercial and industrial electrical and electronics equipment repairers adjust, test, repair, or install electronic equipment, such as industrial controls, transmitters, and antennas. Electric motor, power tool, and related repairers — such as armature winders, generator mechanics, and electric golf cart repairers —specialize in installing, maintaining, and repairing electric motors, wiring, or switches.
Electrical and electronics installers and repairers of transportation equipment install, adjust, or maintain mobile communication equipment, including sound, sonar, security, navigation, and surveillance systems on trains, watercraft, or other vehicles. Electronic equipment installers and repairers of motor vehicles install, diagnose, and repair sound, security, and navigation equipment in motor vehicles.
These installers and repairers work with a range of complex electronic equipment, including digital audio and video players, navigation systems, and passive and active security systems. Powerhouse, substation, and relay electrical and electronics repairers inspect, test, maintain, or repair electrical equipment used in generating stations, substations, and in-service relays. These workers also may be known as powerhouse electricians, relay technicians , or power transformer repairers.
Electrical and electronics installers and repairers held about , jobs in Employment in the detailed occupations that make up electrical and electronics installers and repairers was distributed as follows:. Many electrical and electronics installers and repairers work in repair shops or in factories, and some may work outside when they travel to job sites.
They spend most of their day walking, standing, or kneeling. Electrical and electronics installers and repairers need at least a high school education, but most specializations require further preparation through advanced education, work experience, or both. Electrical and electronics installers and repairers must understand electrical equipment and electronics. As a result, employers often prefer applicants who have taken courses in electronics at a community college or technical school. Courses usually cover AC and DC electronics, electronic devices, and microcontrollers.
It is important for prospects to choose schools that include hands-on training in order to gain practical experience. In addition to technical education, workers usually receive training on specific types of equipment. This may involve manufacturer-specific training for repairers who will perform warranty work.
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Before working independently, entry-level repairers usually develop their skills while working with experienced technicians who provide technical guidance. Some electrical and electronics installers and repairers need prior work experience. Electric motor, power tool, and related repairers typically begin by helping in machine or electrical workshops, where they gain experience with tools and motors. Powerhouse, substation, and relay electrical and electronics repairers often gain experience by first working as electricians.
While certification is not required, a number of organizations offer it, and it can be useful in getting a job. For example, the Electronics Technicians Association International ETA International offers more than 50 certification programs in numerous electronics specialties for various levels of competency. The ISCET focuses on a broad range of topics, including basic electronics, electronic systems, and appliance service. To become certified, applicants must meet prerequisites and pass a comprehensive exam.
Color vision. Electrical and electronics installers and repairers must be able to identify the color-coded components that are often used in electronic equipment. Communication skills. Physical stamina. Some electrical and electronics installers and repairers must stand at their station for their full shift, which can be tiring. Physical strength. Electrical and electronics installers and repairers may need to lift heavy parts during the repair process. Some components weigh over 50 pounds. Technical skills. Electrical and electronics installers and repairers use a variety of mechanical and diagnostic tools to install or repair equipment.
Troubleshooting skills. Electrical and electronics installers and repairers must be able to identify problems with equipment and systems and make the necessary repairs. Note: All Occupations includes all occupations in the U. Source: U. The median wage is the wage at which half the workers in an occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less.
Median annual wages for electrical and electronics installers and repairers in May were as follows:. In May , the median annual wages for electrical and electronics installers and repairers in the top industries in which they worked were as follows:. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment Projections program. Growth rates will vary by occupation. As the industrial sectors of the economy expand, these workers will be needed to service and repair equipment.
Employment of powerhouse, substation, and relay electrical and electronics installers and repairers is projected to grow 4 percent from to , slower than the average for all occupations. Although the installation of new, energy-efficient technologies will likely spur demand for some new workers, slow employment growth in the utilities industries is expected to temper demand for these workers. Employment of electric motor, power tool, and related repairers is projected to grow 7 percent from to , about as fast as the average for all occupations.
Improvements in electrical and electronic equipment design, as well as the increased use of disposable tool parts, are expected to result in slow employment growth. Employment of electrical and electronics installers and repairers of transportation equipment is projected to grow 3 percent from to , slower than the average for all occupations.
Increasing employment in local governments is expected to drive most of the employment growth. Motor vehicle manufacturers continue to install more and higher quality sound, security, entertainment, and navigation systems in new vehicles. These new electronic systems require less maintenance and will limit installation of aftermarket products.
The best job opportunities should be for commercial and industrial equipment installers and repairers as the need to replace retiring workers should result in many job openings. Conversely, few opportunities will be available for motor vehicle equipment installers and repairers as the amount of aftermarket installations continues to decline.
Electrical and electronics installers and repairers, transportation equipment. Electrical and electronics repairers, commercial and industrial equipment. Electrical and electronics repairers, powerhouse, substation, and relay. The Occupational Employment Statistics OES program produces employment and wage estimates annually for over occupations. These estimates are available for the nation as a whole, for individual states, and for metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas. The link s below go to OES data maps for employment and wages by state and area.
All state projections data are available at www.
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Information on this site allows projected employment growth for an occupation to be compared among states or to be compared within one state. CareerOneStop includes hundreds of occupational profiles with data available by state and metro area. There are links in the left-hand side menu to compare occupational employment by state and occupational wages by local area or metro area. There is also a salary info tool to search for wages by zip code. This table shows a list of occupations with job duties that are similar to those of electrical and electronics installers and repairers.
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Electricians install, maintain, and repair electrical power, communications, lighting, and control systems in homes, businesses, and factories. Aircraft and avionics equipment mechanics and technicians repair and perform scheduled maintenance on aircraft. Telecommunications equipment installers and repairers, also known as telecom technicians , set up and maintain devices that carry communications signals, such as telephone lines and Internet routers. Elevator installers and repairers install, fix, and maintain elevators, escalators, moving walkways, and other lifts.
Electrical Equipment Manufacturing. Natural Gas Distribution. Electric Power Generation, Transmission and Distribution. Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing. Oil and Gas Extraction.
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Technical and Trade Schools. South Dakota.
North Dakota. Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO. New Bern, NC. Chambersburg-Waynesboro, PA. Lewiston, ID-WA. Bremerton-Silverdale, WA.
Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment
Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL. Springfield, OH. Ogden-Clearfield, UT. Portsmouth, NH-ME.